The filming phase of a video project might only account for 15% to 20% of the whole process.

This is where you capture all the footage that will be used to piece together the story in the editing and post-production phase.

And this includes both primary and b-roll footage.

Primary footage covers all the main shots called for in the script.

B-roll is secondary footage that you splice into your primary video to flesh out the story and cover cuts in the edit.

Because you’ve planned ahead, you know what to do when you get to location. There’ll be a shotlist, and the production team and camera crew will begin setting up the first shot according to the sequence agreed in the planning stage.

Whatever the setup, the basic considerations are lighting, sound, and camera position. The camera operator will compose the shot for the director’s approval.

Each setup should be captured from different angles so there are options in the edit. Shoot twice, edit once, as the saying goes.

Filming days are usually long and intense because every shot is a new setup. The crew needs scheduled rest and sustenance, and this can be staggered between crew members so that production is always in progress.

At the end of a filming day, the most important thing is to gather all the footage and back it up at least twice.

Once filming is complete, it’s time to head to the editing and post-production studio. This is the long bit, especially if the draft edits are subject to decision by committee before a final is approved.